The self-defined purpose of grounded theory is to develop theory about phenomena of interest. However, the most common ethnographic approach is participant observation as a part of field research. Ethnography The ethnographic approach to qualitative research comes largely from the field of anthropology.
You might think of memoing as extensive marginal notes and comments. Tentative linkages are developed between the theoretical core concepts and the data. Later, one moves to more selective coding where one systematically codes with respect to a core concept.
The research begins with the raising of generative questions which help to guide the research but are not intended to be either static or confining.
Originally, the idea of a culture was tied to the notion of ethnicity and geographic location e. Field Research Field research can also be considered either a broad approach to qualitative research or a method of gathering qualitative data.
They might be concept maps or directed graphs or even simple cartoons that can act as summarizing devices. As the researcher begins to gather data, core theoretical concept s are identified. Again, early in the process these memos tend to be very open while later on they tend to increasingly focus in on the core concept.
This integrative work is best done in group sessions where different members of the research team are able to interact and share ideas to increase insight. The core concept or category is identified and fleshed out in detail.
It describes, either explicitly or implicitly, the purpose of the qualitative research, the role of the researcher sthe stages of research, and the method of data analysis.
Ethnography is an extremely broad area with a great variety of practitioners and methods. Memoing is a process for recording the thoughts and ideas of the researcher as they evolve throughout the study.
Initially one does open coding, considering the data in minute detail while developing some initial categories.
There are several key analytic strategies: Integrative diagrams and sessions are used to pull all of the detail together, to help make sense of the data with respect to the emerging theory.
Presumably you have an extremely well-considered explanation for some phenomenon of interest -- the grounded theory.
The diagrams can be any form of graphic that is useful at that point in theory development. This theory can be explained in words and is usually presented with much of the contextually relevant detail collected.
Eventually one approaches conceptually dense theory as new observation leads to new linkages which lead to revisions in the theory and more data collection.4 Five Qualitative Approaches to Inquiry I n this chapter, we begin our detailed exploration of narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case studies.
A Phenomenological Research Design Illustrated Thomas Groenewald Thomas Groenewald, Professional Educational Services, University of South Africa, Florida, Groenewald, T. (). A phenomenological research design illustrated. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, This article includes a briefly explanation of.
As stated earlier, phenomenology constructs data by eliciting in-depth individual storytelling thereby garnering cumulative essence of the experience (Campbell, Introductive Methods to Qualitative Research: Course Notes, n.d., p.
METHODS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH: PHENOMENOLOGICAL RESEARCH Charisse Gennevieve Ballad Ralph Julius Bawalan. A qualitative "approach" is a general way of thinking about conducting qualitative research.
It describes, either explicitly or implicitly, the purpose of the qualitative research, the role of the researcher(s), the stages of research, and the method of data analysis. here, four of the major qualitative approaches are introduced. International Journal of Educational Excellence () Vol.
1, No. 2, ISSN Phenomenology in Educational Qualitative Research: Philosophy as Science or.Download