Here, encouraged by Joshua Reynolds who was shortly to be elected the first president of the newly formed Royal Academy of ArtsFuseli took up painting. Contemporary critics often found the work scandalous due to its sexual themes.
Background One of the most innovative Romantic artists of his day, the Swiss-born Johann Heinrich Henry Fuseli - son of the portraitist Johann Caspar Fussli - developed an early talent for drawing before moving to London in at the age of The two murderers of the Duke of Clarence, — Titania and Bottom, c.
Anyone who touches her now commits adultery and incest! With Thomas PaineWilliam GodwinJoseph PriestleyErasmus DarwinMary Wollstonecraftand others interested in art, literature and politics, Fuseli frequented the home of Joseph Johnsona publisher and prominent figure in radical British political and intellectual life.
Silent Night, Deadly Night". The demon is looking at the woman rather than out of the picture, and it has pointed, catlike ears. And yet he, and several other painters in England, used these supernatural themes in many of their Romantic paintings and drawings.
This recklessness may perhaps be explained by the fact that he did not paint in oil until the age of One of his schoolmates there was Johann Kaspar Lavaterwith whom he became close friends. In this interpretation the sleeping woman is Landholdt, while he is the incubus. His earliest painting represented "Joseph interpreting the Dreams of the Baker and Butler"; the first to excite particular attention was The Nightmareexhibited in English Romanticism Fuseli was painting during the height of the so-called "Age of Reason", at a time when many if not most people had stopped believing in witches and other darker, irrational forces.
In these tales, men were visited by horses or witches, while women were believed on occasion to have sex with the devil. A Charm by Fuseli. In London he found a commission awaiting him from Alderman Boydellwho was then setting up his Shakespeare Gallery. In another example, admiral Lord Nelson is the demon, and his mistress Emma, Lady Hamiltonthe sleeper.
This led him to spend most of the s in Italy, studying the figure painting of Michelangelo which became a major influence on his art. He also gave William Cowper some valuable assistance in preparing a translation of Homer.
The sleeper seems lifeless and, lying on her back, takes a position then believed to encourage nightmares. William Blakewho was 16 years his junior, recognized a debt to him, and for a time many English artists copied his mannerisms.
Among modern artists, Balthus incorporated elements of The Nightmare in his work e. Indeed, it may even be a complicated visual pun on the word "nightmare". The room is hung with red velvet curtains which drape behind the bed. Other influences included 16th-century Mannerism and literary sources, notably Shakespeare.
And have her I will. The other important canvas was painted between and and is held at the Goethe Museum in Frankfurt. The Royal Academy exhibition brought Fuseli and his painting enduring fame.
Cited in support of this theory is an unfinished portrait of a girl believed to be Landholdt which is on the back of the canvas. Some art critics believe that the painting was inspired by Germanic legends about demons who possessed people as they slept.
She is mine, and I am hers. His figures are full of life and earnestness, and seem to have an object in view which they follow with intensity. Fuseli wrote of his fantasies to Lavater in ; "Last night I had her in bed with me—tossed my bedclothes hugger-mugger—wound my hot and tight-clasped hands about her—fused her body and soul together with my own—poured into her my spirit, breath and strength.
He was comparatively wealthy at the time of his death. The interior is contemporary and fashionable and contains a small table on which rests a mirror, phialand book. In Fuseli married Sophia Rawlins originally one of his modelsand he soon after became an associate of the Royal Academy. In these stories, men were visited by horses or hagsgiving rise to the terms "hag-riding" and "mare-riding", and women were believed to engage in sex with the devil.
His sketches or designs numbered about ; they have admirable qualities of invention and design, and are frequently superior to his paintings.
Anthropologist Charles Stewart characterises the sleeping woman as "voluptuous,"  and one scholar of the Gothic describes her as lying in a "sexually receptive position. It remained well-known decades later, and Fuseli painted other versions on the same theme.
Famous Paintings Analyzed But its powerful mixture of horror, sexuality, and surrealism is entirely down to Fuseli himself.Incubus (detail), Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare,oil on canvas, × cm (Detroit Institute of Arts Although it is tempting to understand the painting’s title as a punning reference to the horse, the word “nightmare” does not refer to horses.
Henry Fuseli RA (German: Johann Heinrich Füssli; 7 February – 17 April ) was a Swiss painter, draughtsman and writer on art who spent much of his life in ultimedescente.com of his works, such as The Nightmare, deal with supernatural ultimedescente.com painted works for John Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery, and created his own "Milton.
The influence of 'The Nightmare' can be found in Fuseli's other works, such as John Milton's 'Paradise Lost' and commissions based on some of William Shakespeare's plays.
Fuseli did a total of four variations on The Nightmare, probably his best-known theme. The example in Frankfurt is the second variation.
Though the motif was not inspired by any specific literary model, it would be unthinkable without a knowledge of ghost stories, especially English ones.
The Nightmare is a oil painting by Anglo-Swiss artist Henry ultimedescente.com shows a woman in deep sleep with her arms thrown below her, and with a demonic and apelike incubus crouched on her chest.
The painting's dreamlike and haunting erotic evocation of infatuation and obsession was a huge popular success. The Nightmare () by Henry Fuseli Interpretation of of 18th-Century Romantic Surrealist Painting MAIN A-Z INDEX.
The Nightmare By Henry Fuseli. Regarded as one of the () by John Downman. Yale Center for British Art, New Haven. • The Mandrake: A Charm () by Fuseli.Download