Being of a particular race or gender does not Animal experimentation paper 3 one any grounds for declaring outsiders to be of a lower moral status. Another way to reduce animal use is to ensure that studies are conducted according to the highest standards and that all information collected Animal experimentation paper 3 be useable.
Peter Singer is one of the best publicly known advocates of animal rights and animal equality. Do they lack fundamental human rights and should we use them for experimentation?
Providing high quality, disease-free environments for the animals will help ensure that every animal counts. Also, anyone who handles the animals should be properly trained. This essay defends animal experimentation.
Additionally, well designed studies and appropriate statistical analysis of data can minimize the number of animals required for statistically significant results. Are those individuals outside the human moral community?
Some philosophers advocate Animal experimentation paper 3 idea of a moral community. In modern times, the question has shifted from whether animals have moral status to how much moral status they have and what rights come with that status.
Since most animals do not have the cognitive capabilities of humans and also do not seem to possess full autonomy animals do not rationally choose to pursue specific life goalsthey are not included in the moral community.
Therefore, they should have the same moral status and deserve equal treatment. If animals do not have the same rights as humans, it becomes permissible to use them for research purposes.
Proponents of the middle ground position usually advocate a few basic principals that they believe should always be followed in animal research.
One principle calls for the preferential research use of less complex organisms whenever possible. The first step in making that argument is to show that humans are more important than animals. This point of view suggests that more complicated organisms have richer, more fulfilling lives and that it is the richness of the life that actually correlates with moral worth.
Below, I will outline one of the more common arguments used to reach this conclusion. Accordingly, potential animal rights violations are outweighed by the greater human benefits of animal research.
Extensive literature searches, for instance, can ensure that experiments are not unnecessarily replicated and can ensure that animal models are only used to obtain information not already available in the scientific community.
Roughly speaking, this is a group of individuals who all share certain traits in common. With that in mind, the argument runs, it is best practice to act charitably and treat all humans as part of the moral community. However, we look upon past examples of this behavior as morally condemnable.
They can feel pain and experience pleasure. A great resource describing some ways to minimize the use of animals in research and to practice the best standards when using animals.
A third principle is to ensure the best possible treatment of the animals used in a study. However, most people are uncomfortable with that scenario and some philosophers have put forth a variety of reasons to include all humans in the human moral community.
In respect to his capacity, many animals are no different than humans. One common form of this argument claims that moral status comes from the capacity to suffer or to enjoy life.
Many animal rights advocates argue similarly—that just because we are human is not sufficient grounds to declare animals less morally significant.
This means reducing pain and suffering as much as possible. By sharing these traits, they belong to a particular moral community and thus take on certain responsibilities toward each other and assume specific rights.
For example bacteriafruit flies, and plants would be preferred over mammals.
Cohen, Andrew and Wellman, Christopher eds. Animals Rights and Vivisection. The strongest pro animal rights answer to this question would be that non-human animals have exactly the same moral status as humans and are entitled to equal treatment.
The claim is that animals should be afforded the same level of respectful treatment as humans; in short, we should not have the right to kill animals, force them into our service, or otherwise treat them merely as means to further our own goals.
One problem with this type of argument is that many humans themselves do not actually fulfill the criteria for belonging to the human moral community. When appropriate, anesthesia should be used; additionally, studies should have the earliest possible endpoints after which animals who will subsequently experience disease or suffering can be euthanized.
Both infants and the mentally handicapped frequently lack complex cognitive capacities, full autonomy, or even both of these traits.Animal experimentation uses billions of taxpayer dollars every year, hardly has any scientific relevance, and animal experimentation causes a huge deal of pain, suffering and death to animals.
[tags: Animal Testing].
Animal Experimentation ii Research Paper Outline Title: Should Animal Experimentation be Abandon? I Introduction Thesis Statement: Animal testing is a debatable issue in modern society. Some people argue that animal testing should be kept due to medical benefits and research study conveniences.
However, I think animal experimentation. Animals Used for Experimentation. Right now, millions of mice, rats, rabbits, primates, cats, dogs, and other animals are locked inside barren cages in laboratories across the country.
Does animal experimentation save human lives? Where can I find leather alternatives?
How is a company certified as cruelty-free? Why does PETA use.
The Ethics of Animal Experimentation By Stephanie Liou 06 Jul, Animal Research, Research and HD, Research Basics Many medical research institutions make use of non-human animals as test subjects. Animal Experimentation Animal experimentation is the use of non-human animals in experiments. Millions of animals are used annually in laboratories to test in household products, medicine, make up, food additives, weaponry, and psychological experiments.
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